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The Effects of the Arabinoxylane and the Polysaccharide Peptide (PSP) on the Antiallergy, Anticancer

Vol.33 No.3, 2004.3, 469-474 (6 pages)
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Abstract
본 연구에 사용한 아라비녹실란화합물은 미강에서 추출한 헤미셀룰로즈에 표고버섯균사체 배양물에서 분리한 효소를 작용시켜 생성된 식물성다당류이며, PSP(polysaccharidepeptide)는 담자균류의 일종인 Coliolus versicocor Sov-1의 균사체에서 추출 정제하여 얻은 단백다당체 성분이다. 이들에 대한 면역세포 활성화 효과, 항암 효과 및 알레르기 억제효과 등에 관한 실험결과는 다음과 같다. 비장세포의 B-cell과 T-cell에 arabinoxylane과 PSP의 항체생성과 세포활성능을 조사한 결과 PFC형성은 10~15%, RFC검출은 10~30% 증가하였다. 복강침출세포로부터 대식세포의 탐식능 효과는 대조군에 비하여 PSP는 약 18%, arabinoxylane은 22%정도 증가하였다. S-180 고형암에 의한 항암실험에서 arabinoxylane은 66.2%(p<0.01), PSP는 49.0%(p<0.05)의 억제 효과를 확인할 수 있었다. 복수암에 의한 수명연장효과는 PSP, arabinoxylane이 대조군에 비해 다소의 수명연장효과가 나타났으며, PSP가 아라비녹실란에 비해 약간의 높은 수명연장효과가 나타났다. 항알레르기 효과를 보기위한 PCA 역가를 측정한 결과는 대조군이 80인데 비해 PSP군은 40, arabinoxylane군은 20으로 대조군에 비하여 다소 경감되었으며, arabinoxylane군이 다소 우수한 결과를 보였다. 혈중 histamine 함량도 PCA와 유사한 결과로 arabinoxylane군과 PSP군이 히스타민 함량을 다소 감소시키는 경향을 보였다.

The objective of the current study was to determine the effects of arabinoxylane and polysaccharide peptide (PSP) on the immune cell functions. Both arabinoxylane and PSP increased plaque forming cell (10~15%) and rosette forming cell (10~30%) formation. Stimulation of macrophage with PSP (18%) and arabinoxylane (22%) resulted in increased phagocytic effects. Both arabinoxylane and PSP induced the tumor supressive effect in mice injected sarcoma-180 cell intracutaneously. When the mice injected intraperitoneal cavity with sarcoma 180 cells, survival ratio was increased in the mice fed on arabinoxylane and PSP. The ratio of PCA was slightly decreased in the mice fed on PSP, especially fed on arabinoxylane than in the control mice. The concentrations of blood histamine were slightly decreased in the mice fed on arabinoxylane and PSP. These results suggest that the capacity of arabinoxylane and PSP seems to act as a potent immunomodulator causing augmentation of immune cell activity, and with the absence of notable side-effects, arabinoxylane and PSP could be used as a biological response modifier having possible therapeutic effects against immunological disorders.

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