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7세기 중엽 당(唐)의 한반도(韓半島) 지배전략(支配戰略)

The Tang Dynasty’s Domination Strategy towards the Korean Peninsula in the Mid-7th Century
역사와현실 제61호, 2006.9, 147-173 (27 pages)
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초록
This article aims to examine how the Jimifuzhou System(羈?府州制) was formed in the Unification War of the Three Kingdoms. To do this, I tried to deduce when and exactly how the Tang Dynasty’s domination strategy towards the Korean Peninsula was settled. The Tang Dynasty(唐王朝)’s primary goal when the Shilla-T’ang alliance(羅唐同盟) was concluded in 648 was to occupy Goguryeo(高句麗)’s territories. However, in the process of the Unification War of the Three Kingdoms, the Tang Dynasty practiced the Jimifushou System since 660. It means that Tang’s goal changed the occupation of the whole Korean Peninsula. Perhaps there was a change of Tang’s policy in this period, and it was applied to the Unification War of the Three Kingdoms. Therefore, the first thing to focus on is the changes within the ruling class of the Tang Dynasty.
Despite the conclusion of the Shilla-T’ang alliance in 648, the joint operation to Backje(百濟) and Goguryeo had been discontinued due to Tang-taizong(唐太宗)’s death. We can see aspects of a true military alliance in as late as the year 655. In the middle of these changes lay a series of events in which Xujingzong (許敬宗) had replaced Changsunwuji(長孫無忌) as the Tang Dynasty’s ruling class in the process of Zetianwuhou(則天武后)’s accession to the throne. Fundamentally, Xujingzong and his party intended to increase the emperor’s power and employ it in pursuing its foreign policy. And this change exerted an influence on the strategy towards the Korean Peninsula.
The preparation process for an attack on Backje is a good example. Shilla had requested the Tang Dynasty to attack Backje before, but it had been discarded because the original intention of the Tang Dynasty was to conquer Goguryeo. However, since 659, Tang’s strategy changed to attack Backje first before it attacks Goguryeo, and it was crystallized into a reality since 660. The establishment of the Jimifuzhou(羈?府州) after the conquest of Backje seems to have been based on Xujingzong party’s plan. The fact that Xujingzong party purged Changsunwuji party between April and July 659 proves this.
Such changes in the strategy towards the Korean Peninsula seem to have been closely related to the forming process of Tang’s Jimi Control System(羈?支配體制). It has been noted that Tang wanted to make Jimifuzhou in Goguryeo’s territories and to complete it in 660. Eventually, the establishment of the Jimifuzhou after the conquest of Backje was part of the preparations for the conquest of Goguryeo. But the conquest of Goguryeo failed at this stage, and after that, the strategy to the Korean Peninsula went through a change again. I consider this change to have been the establishment of Gerimju Taitutufu(鷄林州大都督府) in the Shilla territory. Tang insisted on the establishment of Gerimju Taitutufu in spite of Shilla’s repulsion. This might have been because Tang’s ultimate purpose was to establish Andong Tufubu(安東都護部) in Goguryeo’s territories and in so doing to complete Jimi Control System (羈?支配體制).

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1. 650년대 당의 대한반도 정책 변화
2. 당의 대한반도 기미지배 정책 수립
3. 안동도호부의 설치와 당 중심의 세계질서
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