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Correlations among Life Stress, Sleep, Anthropometric Measurement and Nutrient Intakes of College Students

Vol.36 No.7, 2007.7, 840-848 (9 pages)
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Abstract
This study was performed in order to investigate the stress levels, sleep, anthropometric measurement and nutrient intakes their correlations of college students. General characteristics, stress scores using a stress test, sleep scores using a sleep test, anthropometric measurement, body composition using Inbody 3.0 and nutrient intakes using 3-day recalls were measured in 353 subjects (183 males and 170 females). Mean total stress score of the male students was 68.2±45.0 and that of the female students was 86.5±48.7. Stress for study, future, economic and value-related factors were higher than other factors in both male and female students. Female students were more stressed than male in friend, family, study, future and value-related factors. Mean sleeping time and sleep scores of the male students were 7.0 hrs and 40.6±5.7, respectively and that of the female students were 7.1 hrs and 41.5±5.3, respectively. Mean height, weight, percent body fat (PBF), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) of the male students were 174.8 cm, 73.3 kg, 19.0% and 0.84, respectively. Mean height, weight, PBF, and WHR of the female students were 161.7 cm, 55.3 kg, 28.7% and 0.81, respectively. Mean energy and protein intakes of the male students were 2026.3 kcal (77.9% EER) and 83.0 g (150.9% RI) and those of the female students were 1538.2 kcal (73.2% EER) and 60.7 g (134.9% RI), respectively. In male students, sleep duration, professor and future problem showed significantly negative correlation (p<0.05). For both male and female students, in correlations between sleep scores, life stress experience frequency and importance, the total scores showed significantly negative correlation (p<0.01). Sleep scores (sleep quality) have more significant correlation than sleep duration in life stress. In male students, correlations between economic problem and weight, waist circumference and hip circumference showed significantly negative correlation. In female students, correlations between different gender problem and body mass index (p<0.05), PBF (p<0.01), WHR (p<0.01) and obesity degree (p<0.05) showed significantly negative correlation while correlation between study problem and PBF (p<0.05), WHR (p<0.05) showed significantly positive correlation. In male students, there were significantly positive correlations between life stress experience frequency and carbohydrate, calcium, iron, vitamin A; correlation between importance and calcium, iron as well as correlation between total life stress scores and iron (p<0.05). In female students, correlation between life stress experience frequency and thiamin along with correlation between importance and thiamin showed significant negative correlation (p<0.05). College students need to practice good life habits for the purpose of correctly managing life stress.

대학생의 생활 스트레스와 수면, 신체계측, 영양소섭취 상태와의 상관관계를 알아보고자 자기 기입식 설문조사와 신체계측 및 체성분 검사, 식이섭취조사를 실시한 결과는 다음과 같다. 대학생들의 평균 수면 시간은 남학생 7.0시간, 여학생 7.1시간이었고, 수면 점수는 남학생 40.6±5.7, 여학생 41.5±5.3으로 수면 시간과 수면 점수에 있어 남녀 간에 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았다. 수면과 생활 스트레스 간의 상관관계에서 남녀 모두에게 수면 시간은 생활 스트레스의 수준 (스트레스 경험 빈도, 중요도, 총 스트레스 점수)과 상관관계를 보이지 않았으나, 수면의 질을 나타내는 수면 점수와 생활 스트레스 수준(스트레스 경험빈도, 중요도, 총 스트레스 점수)을 살펴보았을 때, 남녀 모두에게 생활 스트레스와 수면의 질 간에 매우 유의한 음의 상관관계를 보여(p<0.01) 수면의 양보다는 수면의 질이 생활 스트레스와 더 상관이 있음을 보여주었다. 생활 스트레스 경험 빈도, 중요도, 총점과 신체계측 간에 상관성을 보았을 때 남학생은 생활 스트레스 경험 빈도, 중요도, 총점과 신체계측 및 체성분 간에 유의한 상관관계가 나타나지 않았으나 여학생은 생활 스트레스 경험빈도, 총점이 신체발달 점수와 유의한 음의 상관관계를 보였다(p<0.05). 남학생의 경우 경제 문제와 신체계측과의 상관관계에서 체중(p<0.05), 허리둘레(p<0.05), 엉덩이둘레(p<0.05)와 유의적인 음의 상관관계를 보였다. 여학생은 이성 문제에 대한 스트레스와 BMI(p<0.05), 체지방률(p<0.01), 복부지방률(p<0.01), 비만도(p<0.05) 간에 유의적인 음의 상관관계를 보였고, 친구 문제와 BMI(p<0.05), 비만도(p<0.05), 엉덩이둘레(p<0.05) 간에 유의적인 양의 상관관계를 보였으며 학업 문제에서 체지방률(p<0.05), 복부지방률(p<0.05)과 유의적인 양의 상관관계를 보였다. 영양소 섭취량과 생활 스트레스와의 상관관계에서 몇몇 영양소와 생활 스트레스 간에 유의한 상관성을 보였으며, 생활 스트레스 원인별로 그 양상이 달랐다. 남학생은 대체로 동물성 식품으로부터 얻을 수 있는 영양소인 칼슘, 철분 등과 생활 스트레스 간에 양의 상관관계를 보였다. 이상에서 조사된 바에 의하면 대학생의 생활 스트레스는 수면의 양보다는 수면의 질과 상관성이 있었으며 체성분, 영양소 섭취상태와도 상관성을 보였다. 생활 스트레스에 적절히 대처하는데 올바른 식습관 및 생활습관의 확립이 도움이 될 것으로 사료되며 대학생을 대상으로 운동, 자신이 좋아하는 취미활동 하기, 상담제도 이용 등의 올바른 생활 스트레스 관리 방법에 대한 교육과 바람직한 식생활을 위한 영양교육이 필요하다고 사료된다.

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Abstract
서론
연구내용 및 방법
결과 및 고찰
요약
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