미국의 대외 문화정책을 통해 본 미군정 문화정책

U. S. Cultural Policy and Occupied Korea
韓國言論學報 제44권 3호, 2000.7, 40-75 (36 pages)
인용정보 복사
Quick View Quick View
구매하기 6,000원
인용하기
이용수 : 473건
피인용수 : 9건
활용도 : 12%
자세히 보기 >

· 이용수 : 2010년부터 집계한 원문다운로드수

· 피인용수 : DBpia 논문 가운데 해당 논문을 인용한 논문수

· 활용도 : 최근 24개월간 DBpia 이용수를 기준으로 산출

초록
The U. S. occupation of South Korea has been the subject of close scholarship scrutiny because its immense impact on the subsequent development of Korean society. Indeed, it has since the 1980s become one of the most popular topics for Korean historians and social scientists.
Overall, scholarly investigations on this period are remarkable in two respects. First, most previous studies on this period, regardless of their theoretical perspectives or interpretative differences, have focused on the economic, political and military aspects of Unites States intervention, leaving the cultural side of story mostly untold. Even those researchers who have recently expressed interest in culture during the U. S. occupation, have confined themselves to a narrow array of topics such as media control and propaganda activities, failing to provide a comprehensive picture of the cultural dynamics of the time. This lack of scholarly debate on the cultural side of the U. S. occupation is especially striking, though, in the light of the considerable body of evidence suggesting that Americans have consistently made culture a key aspect of their overseas operations, in Korea and elsewhere. The lack attention to culture is a clear blindspot in the history of the U. S. military occupation in Korea. Second, even those limited numbers of works that take on the media policy or propaganda activities of the U. S. military government treat the issues apart from their international context. Not surprisingly, the driving historical forces behind American policy, which can be grasped only within the general framework of American postwar cultural planning, are ignored.
This study attempts to correct several oversights in previous research. First it tries to convey a comprehensive picture of the time by adding a new cultural dimension to our understanding of the U. S. occupation, particularly as it illuminates the newly emerging global order after World War II. As this study argues, although the driving force behind U. S. expansionism after World War II was capitalist greed, its rationalization was its cultural creed. In other words, this study tries to reveal the strong connections between U. S. imperial politics and cultural labor that were always at work in America's pursuit of supremacy on the postwar global stage.
Second, this study tries to discuss the issue from a holistic perspective. In other words, U. S. cultural policy during the U. S. military occupation was not a unique or isolated happening pertaining only to Korea. An exclusive concern with Americans' cultural practices in Korea cannot properly account for the development of cultural policy at the time. Many previous studies have taken an apologetic position toward U. S. policy in Korea, regarding any U. S. misadministration as a consequence of the military government's lack of firm policy or of insufficient harmony between Washington and the local military government. Such explanations in general tend to separate military government policy for the overall foreign policy of the United States. This study suggests that the cultural policy of the U. S. military government at the time was formed and implemented as an integral part of the global cultural policy of the United States that was in turn perceived by American policy makers as an instrument for the effective fulfillment of overall U. S. foreign policy.
Finally, this study challenges the earlier position that American cultural influence in Korean society at the time was sporadic and non-systematic. Instead, the period is treated as the point where a whole set of patterns and inventories of culture was qualitatively reconstructed and transformed, nor randomly but most intentionally and systematically, by the American military government and by American private industries. Therefore, this study suggests that the cultural policy of the U. S. military government had a strong coherence in terms of motive, and that any modifications of the policy during this period reflected American efforts to respond to local conditions most effectively without sacrificing fundamental motives. Thus, the basic premise of this study is that the cultural dynamics at the time can only be completely understood within the context of a U. S. global cultural policy undertaken as a way to implement U. S. foreign policy.
The three-year American rule over Korea opened the way for American popular culture to permeate every corner of the country. It is remarkable that this period represents the first significant involvement of American cultural industries in Korean culture, but it coincided with systematic discouragement of nationalist cultural activities. This study has shown that the American were very successful in establishing the general image of the United States as a glorified nation. Consequently, although many Koreans were critical about the policies of the U. S. military government, this antagonism did not necessarily hinder their cultural fascination with the halo of luxury and wealth of the American life-style and popular culture offered by a conquering America. Therefor this study suggests that the constellation of a strong cultural policy successfully executed by the American military government in Korea on the one hand, and of a glorified fantasy delivered by American culture on the other, opened a path to the subsequently successful process of Americani¬zation in Korea.

목차
1. 미군정 연구에 대한 문제제기
2. 미국의 헤게모니 쟁취와 대외 문화정책
3. 미국의 문화정책과 미군정
4. 미군정 문화정책의 의미와 평가
참고문헌
참고문헌 (0)

현재 논문의 참고문헌을 찾아 신청해주세요!

해당 논문은 참고문헌 정보가 없습니다.

인용된 논문 (9)

알림서비스 신청하고 '인용된 논문' 정보를 메일로 확인 하세요!

제 1 저자의 다른 논문 (12)

김균 식별저자 저자의 상세정보를 확인해 보세요.

  • 처음
  •  
  • 이전
  •  
  • 1
  •  
  • 2
  •  
  • 다음
  •  
  • 마지막
권호 내 다른 논문 (11)

韓國言論學報 제44권 3호 의 상세정보를 확인해 보세요.

  • 처음
  •  
  • 이전
  •  
  • 1
  •  
  • 2
  •  
  • 다음
  •  
  • 마지막
추천 논문 (10)

DBpia 추천논문과 함께 다운받은 논문을 제공합니다. 논문 초록의 텍스트마이닝과 이용 및 인용 관계 분석을 통해 추천해 드리는 연관논문을 확인해보세요.

DBpia 추천논문

더 많은 추천논문을 확인해 보세요!

함께 다운받은 논문

지표

이용현황

· 이용수

· 이용순위 상위 Top3

자세히 보기 >
No 상위 이용이관 이용수
1 고려대학교 56
2 서강대학교 53
3 서울대학교 42

활용도

· 활용지수

· 논문의 활용도 추이 (주제분야 기준)

자세히 보기 >

: %

2016-09
2016-10
2016-11
2016-12
0
20
40
60
80
100
  • 0%
  • 20%
  • 40%
  • 60%
  • 80%
  • 100%

인용수

상세정보
저작권 정책

누리미디어에서 제공되는 모든 저작물의 저작권은 원저작자에게 있으며, 누리미디어는 각 저작물의 내용을 보증하거나 책임을 지지 않습니다. 단, 누리미디어에서 제공되는 서지정보는 저작권법에 의해 보호를 받는 저작물로, 사전 허락 없이 임의로 대량 수집하거나 프로그램에 의한 주기적 수집 이용, 무단 전재, 배포하는 것을 금하며, 이를 위반할 경우, 저작권법 및 관련법령에 따라 민, 형사상의 책임을 질 수 있습니다.

맨 위로 이동
  • 개인회원으로 로그인하셔야 이용이 가능합니다.
  •  개인회원
  •  기관회원
  • 소속기관
  • 아이디
  • 비밀번호
  • 개인회원가입으로 더욱 편리하게 이용하세요. 일반회원 가입하기

    아이디/비밀번호를 잊으셨나요? 아이디/비밀번호 찾기