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Better to Have It All? Work, Family and Their Relationships to Depression

Vol.46 No.3, 2012.6, 163-179 (17 pages)
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Abstract
While there have been dramatic increases in labor force participation among women with children, our understanding about the psychological consequences of their combined roles of employment and motherhood is limited. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Cohort, this study addresses how the association of employment and motherhood is predictive of women’s psychological well-being. Results show that the positive effects of employment on women’s psychological well-being are contingent upon motherhood status with partial support for the work and family conflict perspective. In other words, although being employed is favorable for psychological well-being overall, mothers do not appear to enjoy psychological benefits from employment. As for motherhood, while having a child is linked to increased demands in responsibilities, mothers who do not work for pay are not necessarily disadvantaged in terms of their psychological well-being with socioeconomic conditions adjusted. We discuss findings of the study and directions for future study.

TOC
INTRODUCTION
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND AND EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
RESEARCH GOALS AND HYPOTHESES
DATA, MEASURES AND METHODS
RESULTS
CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
REFERENCES
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References (50)

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  2. Apter, T. , 1995 , Working Women Don’ Have Wives: Professional Success in the 1990s , St. Martin’ Press

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  10. Cooke, R. A. , 1984 , Stress and Strain From Family Roles and Work-Role Expectations , Journal of Applied Psychology 69 : 252 ~ 260

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