The aim of this paper is to determine the type and its meaning of the Goryeo celadon which was brought to China as tribute goods and trade goods. Goryeo celadon in historical materials is seen in documents of China after the period of early Bei Song(北宋). But we can find the concentrated documents about Goryeo celadon as trade goods in the period from Nan Song(南宋) to Yuan dynasty. The reason is twofold. Firstly, Sibaksa(市舶司) was established in major ports in Southern China. Secondly, Mingzhou(明州, present Ningbo 寧波) and Quanzhou(泉州) were played as a trade window to East Asia, and upon that merchants of Song had prosperous activity. Examining the related documents, we can see that Goryeo celadon was preferred trade goods by Chinese to the late Yuan dynasty and perceives as a special product of Goryeo. We can confirm that matter by archeological materials. Goryeo celadon was excavated in major cities of Northern China, and those cases indicate that Goryeo celadon was consumed in capitals and major cities of Liao(遼), Jin(金), Yuan(元) dynasties. Configuring trends, we can ascertain plain celadon, celadon with incised decoration, relief celadon, celadon with underglaze copper-red decoration, celadon with underglaze iron red were found at remains of 12~13th centuries, and inlaid celadon was found at remains of late 13th and late 14th century. In southern China, most celadon was excavated in Zhejiangxing(浙江省) Hangzhou(杭州) and Ningbo etc. Especially Hangzhou was main site of excavating. Analyzing those relics in Hangzhou, we can see that bisaek celadon was consumed in the period of Nan song, at that times Hangzhou was capital of the dynasty, inlaid celadon was imported in the period of Yuan dynasty. So, in the higher view, we can conclude that celadon consumption of northern and southern of China was similar in period and pattern. The fact that Goryeo celadon was excavated in China has four meanings. Firstly, even in some periods, Goryeo celadon as a superior goods substituted goods of Chinese Royal Kilns(官窯). Secondly, Goryeo celadon was mostly imported by China as trade goods in comparison with tribute goods. Thirdly, we an see that Jadegreen celadon(翡色) was preferred in Song, inlaid celadon in Yuan. That is to say that preference degree was varied by the current of time. Fourthly, we can understand that Goryeo celadon as trade goods varied from low grade goods(粗色) to high grade goods(細色) by tax increasing as policy decision.
Ⅰ. 머리말Ⅱ. 문헌자료 속의 고려청자 관련 기록Ⅲ. 지역별 유형과 편년Ⅳ. 중국 출토 고려청자의 의미Ⅴ. 맺음말참고문헌〈Abstract〉
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