A unique type of pottery was produced from the late 19th to the early 20th century in the region of Hwanghae-do Province. Known as Haeju baekja or Haeju hangari, the vessels produced here at this time were white porcelain (baekja) ware shaped like onggi jars and decorated with various patterns rendered in cobalt blue and iron-brown. This study concentrates on the particular type of porcelain produced in the Haeju region during Korea"s modernization period, otherwise regarded as a time of stagnation for Korean pottery, and considers various aspects of the background to its production. The Korean ceramic industry underwent huge change in the late 19th century. Official kilns that had produced ceramics for the royal household were privatized, while the dispersal of craftsmen led to the production of commercial porcelain ware across the country. In addition to this, the influx of Qing and Japanese pottery led to the growth of intermediary merchants and to change in consumption patterns. Merchants from southern China began operating in earnest in Korea after the military uprising of 1882; their activity has been proven by the excavation from several Korean sites of large amounts of trade ceramics in various styles, especially featuring lingzhi and floral motifs(靈芝草花文). This current of influence reversed and began flowing from Japan from the time of the First Sino-Japanese War onwards. After this, Japanese ceramics accounted for the vast majority of total pottery imports, dominating the Korean market. The unearthing of pottery fragments bearing the names of Japanese and Korean merchants informs us of the growing status of merchants, who came to control the means of production via the distribution process. Ceramic imports at this time not only affected form but became a channel for the influx of Western production techniques, bringing constitutional change to the Korean ceramic industry and great transformations to the understanding of new culture and consumption of pottery. Commonly bought Chinese- and Japanese-made ceramic vessels included tableware such as tea bowls, rice bowls, cups and plates; by comparison, Korean-made ceramics became less competitive, attempting in certain regions to achieve product differentiation by producing large storage vessels. Haeju porcelain is thought to have been relatively expensive, consisting mostly of large vessels colorfully decorated with cobalt, iron-brown and green patterns. It was the product of a mixture of factors, including economic circumstances and foreign elements, in a region with a long history of ceramic production. It is hoped that future in-depth studies of Haeju porcelain will provide a fuller picture of the distinct changes in regional ceramic production after the era of official bunwon kilns, ultimately leading to an understanding of the process of modernization of Joseon-era ceramics.
Ⅰ. 머리말Ⅱ. 1900년 전후의 도자기 생산과 유통환경Ⅲ. 중・일 산업도자의 수용Ⅳ. 생산과 소비구조의 변화Ⅴ. 맺음말참고문헌<Abstract>
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