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古朝鮮과 琵琶形銅劍의 問題

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古朝鮮과 琵琶形銅劍의 問題

Old Chos on and the Culture of the Mandolin-shaped Bronze Dagger

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The Samguk yusa (Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms) recorded that the history of the Old Choson began as the Tan’gun Choson and was succeeded by the Kija (Jizi) Choson. It quoted the Chinese historical document of the Weishu and mentioned specifically the capital and dates of Tan’gun. These records are very important and credible, but there are still some tendencies to discredit them because of confusion with the records of the Kogi (Old Records). The Weishu, probably compiled around the 3rd century CE, stated that Tan’gun established Asadal as his capital two thousand years before, and we can date the Tan’gun Choson perhaps to the 17th century BCE. This was the time when a new leader recorded in Korean historical documents first appeared.
As Kija did not go east to Korea, today the history of the Kija Choson has been negated. I label the period of Kija Choson as the Yemaek Choson because that was the time when the Yemaek people, a branch of Korean nation, were active. Thus, while the term “Old Choson” may still be employed to refer to the entire ancient period, it can not properlyrepresent specific historical stage. It is more appropriate to state explicitly “Tan’gun” and “Tan’gun Choson.” If we use the term “Old Choson” while denying the existence of the Kija Choson, it will merely shorten the history of the Old Choson and create more confusion.
The Mandolin-shaped Bronze Dagger has been considered as the representative relicof the culture of the Old Choson. This relic has been found in the area stretching from the Inner Mongolia to the southern shores of the Korean Peninsula and the date goes back to the 10th century BCE. However, as scholars have made too close a connection between the cultures of the Old Choson and the Mandolin-shaped Bronze Dagger, some have come to asserta mistaken notion that the history of the Old Choson began around the 10th century BCE. The culture of the Mandolin-shaped Bronze Dagger represents the culture of the Yemaek Choson. Since Tan’gun Choson predates the Yemaek Choson, we need to search for other relics that can show the cultural stages of the Tan’gun Choson. Thus, it is preferable to use the terms “Tan’gun Choson” and “Yemaek Choson” instead of an ambiguous expression of the “Old Choson.” The culture of the Mandolin-shaped Bronze Dagger can represent the cultural stage only if we can place it in the proper historical stage.

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Ⅰ. 『三國遺事』의 檀君기사와 年代 문제

Ⅱ. 琵琶形銅劍의 문제

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