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[학술저널]

Welfare State Restructuring in Sweden

  • 학술저널

Welfare State Restructuring in Sweden

Theoretical Implications

1990년대 스웨덴 복지개혁의 이론적 함의

Hong Jong Lee Yong Soo Park

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초록

본 연구는 스웨덴 복지국가가 1990년대 구조조정을 통해 어떠한 변화를 경험하였는지를 실증적으로 검토함으로써 세계화 이론의 유효성을 검증하고자 한다. 본질적으로 세계화 이론은 외부적 압력으로 인하여 복지국가가 궁극적으로 쇠퇴하거나 잔여적 복지유형으로 전환될 것이라고 예견해왔다. 하지만 본 연구에서 나타난 바와 같이 1990년대의 구조조정에도 불구하고 스웨덴 고유의 사민주의적이고 제도적인 복지국가의 특성은 아직도 강하게 남아있다. 이는 기존의 세계화 이론의 예상과는 매우 다른 사실로서, 세계화 이론이 스웨덴의 경우에는 적용될 수 없다는 사실을 보여준다.

The present study examines how Sweden’s welfare state has fared through the restructuring of the 1990s, and tests the validity of the globalization argument that welfare states decline or converge into the residual welfare regime-type as a result of globalization pressure. In essence, all features that constitute a social democratic and institutional welfare state are still strongly recognizable in Sweden despite welfare state restructuring of the 1990s. It is fair to argue that Sweden’s social democratic welfare state has not declined nor shifted to a liberal or residual welfare regime yet - contrary to the predictions of globalization theorists. This further suggests that while globalization pressures upon domestic politics are beyond doubt, their extent and actual impacts have been exaggerated, and that the globalization argument is therefore, in practice, one that is still premature.

목차

영어 초록
Ⅰ. Introduction
Ⅱ. Globalization Theory and the Welfare State
Ⅲ. A Case Study: Welfare State Restructuring in Sweden in the 1990s
Ⅳ. Conclusion
References
Abstract in Korean

참고문헌(51)

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  • 3.

    Ahn, Jae-Heung. 2004. "Saengsanregimkwa Bokjikookachaejae Sanghoyongyeui Jungchi: Yironjeok Nonuiwa Sweden Nosakwangye Saryeui Boonseok (The Politics of Making a Complementary Linkage between Production Regime and the Welfare State: Theoretical Discussion

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