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프랑스혁명과 러시아혁명

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프랑스혁명과 러시아혁명

비교와 상관성

La Révolution française et la Révolution rrusse: Comparaison et corrélation

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Comparison means “an evaluation of the similarities and differences of two(or more) things”. It doesn’t assume the equivalence or correlation of things. But analogy is “a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of the known similarity between the things in other respects”. In history and historiography, three kinds of analogy operate: heuristic, practical, rhetorical. An typical example of ‘heuristic analogy’ is Crane Brinton’s The Anatomy of Revolution, which seeks to establish uniformities in four revolutions: the English Revolution of the 1640s, the American, the French, and the 1917 Russian Revolution. This paper examines the interactions between the French Revolution (especially its historiography) and the Russian Revolution, analysing three historical examples: Chinese notable communist, Li Ta-chao(李 大釗; 1889-1927), French prominent historian, Albert Mathiez(1874-1932) and Russian leading revolutionary, Lenin(1870-1924). Li carried out the method of comparison, but Mathiez practiced a ‘rhetorical analogy’, and Lenin did a ‘practical analogy’.
What induced three men of very different background to compare or make an analogy between two revolutions so urgently? This is because French and Russian Revolutions belong to the common historical world of ‘modernity’. In fact, Doing an analogy between two revolutions is a mode of conjuring up a non-existent but plausible revolution. It is a mock revolution which stirs up constantly the sense of reality and disciplines the will power of action. Indeed, it is a tragic gesticulation which covers the gap between revolutionaries’ intention of radical reform and the uncontrollable realty.

목차

Ⅰ. 서론: 혁명의 비교와 유비
Ⅱ. 이대조의 「법아혁명지비교관(法俄革命之比較觀)」
Ⅲ. 마티에즈의 「볼셰비즘과 자코뱅주의(Le Bolchevisme et le Jacobinisme)」
Ⅳ. 레닌: 자코뱅주의와 테르미도르
Ⅴ. 근대성에 갇힌 혁명, 출구는 없는가?
〈참고문헌〉
〈Resume〉
〈Summary〉

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