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지역사회에 거주하는 여성과 남성노인의 우울 위험요인 비교

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지역사회에 거주하는 여성과 남성노인의 우울 위험요인 비교

Gender Difference in Risk Factors for Depression in Community-dwelling Elders

김철규(청주대학교) 박승미(호서대학교)

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Purpose: This study was conducted to compare the degree of depression between men and women and to identify factors influencing their depression. Methods: Participants in this cross-sectional descriptive study were 263 persons over 65 years old (men: 103, women: 160). Data were collected through face to face interviews using questionnaires and were done in two urban areas in 2010. Research instruments utilized in this study were SGDS, MMSE-K, SRH, FILE, sleep pattern scale, family and friend support scale, and social support scale. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify factors influencing depression in elders. Results: The proportions of participants with depression were significantly different between men and women (52.4% vs. 67.5%). Regression model for depression in elderly men significantly accounted for 54%; disease stress (32%), economic stress (10%), perceived health status (4%), and family support, educational level, age, and hypertension. Regression model for depression in elderly women significantly accounted for 47%; disease stress (25%), perceived social loneliness (8%), friend support (5%), family stress (4%), and sleep satisfaction, and family support. Conclusion: Results demonstrate that depression is an important health problem for elders, and show gender differences for factors influencing depression. These results could be used in the developing depression prevention programs.

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참고문헌(30)

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    박연환 , 2008 , 복지회관 이용 노인의 사회적 고립감 예측요인 , Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 38 (5) : 712 ~ 719

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    오경옥 , 2006 , 일 도시지역 재가 노인의 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구 , 정신간호학회지 15 (4) : 459 ~ 466

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