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레크리에이션병합 체조프로그램이 후기 여성노인의 체력, 우울, 인지기능 및 삶의 질에 미치는 효과

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레크리에이션병합 체조프로그램이 후기 여성노인의 체력, 우울, 인지기능 및 삶의 질에 미치는 효과

Effects of a Recreational Combination Gymnastics Program for Old-old Women

최연희(경북대학교) 이춘지(수성대학교)

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초록

Purpose: In this study a recreational combination gymnastics program was provided for women 75 years of age or older and the effects on physical fitness (grip strength, static balance, ability to do complex movement), depression, cognitive function and quality of life were examined. Methods: A quasi-experimental study employing a nonequivalent control group, pre-post design was conducted. Participants included 53 women elders whose cognitive function was within the normal range. The women were assigned to an experimental group (27) or a control group (26). The intervention was conducted twice a week for a period of 12 weeks. Chi-square test, t-test, paired t-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used for data analysis. Results: Following completion of the program, left grip strength (t=2.17, p =.035), right grip strength (t=2.04, p =.046), static balance (t= -2.18, p =.030), depression (z= -2.88, p =.004), cognitive function (t=3.96, p <.001), and quality of life (t= -3.19, p =.002) were significantly better in the experimental group. Conclusion: Findings from this study indicate that recreational combination gymnastics programs are effective in enhancing physical fitness, cognitive function, and quality of life and in decreasing depression for female elders and could therefore be regarded as positive programs for promotion of physical and mental health for older women.

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참고문헌(29)

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  • 2.

    김신미 , 2009 , 탄력저항성운동 프로그램이 인지기능저하 노인의 상지유연성 및 근력에 미치는 효과 , 한국노년학 29 (3) : 987 ~ 1000

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    김혜령 , 2008 , 기초생활보장 수급 노인의 삶의 질 , Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 38 (5) : 694 ~ 703

  • 4.

    류명인 , 2008 , 타이치 운동프로그램이 시설노인의 체력, 낙상관련 지각 및 건강상태에 미치는 효과 , Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 38 (4) : 620 ~ 628

  • 5.

    문명자 , 2010 , 재가노인의 우울 영향 요인에 관한 연구 , Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 40 (4) : 542 ~ 550

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