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[학술저널]

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김상기(충남대학교)

이 논문을 2019-08-18 에 이용했습니다.

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초록

The national debt redemption movement drew common people into extensive participation without distinction of age, sex, social status or region. In particular, women, monks or Kisaengs, who were discriminated, actively involved in it and developed it into popular movement. Those who took part in the national debt redemption movement made sure of the nation’s ideology. They emphasized that there are no people without territory and country. They made the Korean people realize that the crisis of their country meant the crisis of the people, so they insisted that the country should be necessary to protect individual lives and properties of the people.
The national debt redemption movement, which was a nationwide mass campaign for restoration of Korean sovereignty, was discouraged by the sabotage of Imperial Japan. Imperial Japan developed maneuvering to expel Bethel, the president of Korean daily Daehan Maeil Shinbo and arrested Yang Gi-tak, accusing him of misappropriating public funds. Other than the sabotage of Imperial Japan, the factors of discouragement could be pointed out that organizational unification of the leading force was not accomplished and there were not enough specific plans. Besides, it was also pointed out that the participation of the upper class and high-ranking officials was meek. They could not propose clear countermeasures against the oppression and they were finally robbed of the funds raised when the colonial Japanese authorities was established.
However, numerous Korean people who joined the national debt redemption movement greatly advanced the nationality that they are masters of the country and realized a sense of common identity at the same time. The spirit of this movement was succeeded on continuously and became Korean cultural tradition, which is unprecedented in world history.

목차

1. 머리말
2. 대구 광문사의 국채보상운동
3. 국채보상운동의 전국적 확산과 대중운동
4. 국채보상운동의 이념
6. 맺는말
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