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일본의 저출산과 가족정책

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일본의 저출산과 가족정책

The Study on Low Birthrate and Family Policy in Japan

최영진(경상대학교)

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초록

Low Birthrate phenomenon is not a matter of a particular country. It is not only faced by many countries in the world, but also a long-term trend. Low Birthrate phenomenon is a important social indicator that reflects widespread inequality and difficulty of people‘s life style. Therefore, if low birthrate continues in the long time, it can cause problems which is the aging society and workforce reduction, increased social security expenditure, weakening of national competitiveness, dissolution of family relationships etc. Therefore, measures of low fertility should be a comprehensive and systematic manner. In this study, family policy regarding Japan‘s low birthrate and the change of the status of the low birthrate were investigated. Based on this, this measures in the future implications of low birthrate in Korea is presented.
The Japanese government has an interest in lowering the birthrate after it experienced the nation‘s total fertility rate(The average number of children per woman‘s lifetime) dropped to 1.57 that people called the "1.57 shock" in 1989. Though Japan has been expanded public support for providing child-care services through low birthrate measures, due to insufficient improvement of poor economic status of women, including social and economic causes invisible results about raising the birthrate. Thus Japan‘s family policy direction with respect to low birthrate are as follows: It should be clearly taken that First, reduction of child support and education, second settlement of the terms and conditions that makes it difficult to balance work and family, third discrimination and support for a various family forms, fourth expanding social accountability for the family, fifth tax reform for supporting nurture. However, recently in Japan main body of society is trying to solve low birthrate problem. In addition, social culture (eg, only women are responsible for nurturing conservative values, etc.) is changed slowly.
On the other hand, current our country situation is that Many welfare policies are pour at once so that they encounters resources barrier from the first step. From all of the birth of the welfare based on the realization that in the beginning, National‘s welfare policy priorities agreed at the origin, work is needed to re-examine. Based on the realization that childbirth is beginning of all welfare, it is necessary that the priority of national welfare policy revision from the beginning on the basis of people‘s agreement. That‘s because, low fertility measures is inconspicuously time-consuming problem.

목차

Ⅰ. 들어가며
Ⅱ. 기본권과 국제규범
Ⅲ. 저출산의 현황과 원인
Ⅳ. 저출산 대책의 변천34)과 향후과제
Ⅴ. 맺으며
【참고문헌】
【Abstract】

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