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아로마 용액을 이용한 구강간호가 뇌졸중 노인의 구강상태와 구강 세균 집락에 미치는 효과

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아로마 용액을 이용한 구강간호가 뇌졸중 노인의 구강상태와 구강 세균 집락에 미치는 효과

Effects of Special Mouth Care with an Aroma Solution on Oral Status and Oral Cavity Microorganism Growth in Elderly Stroke Patients

이은혜(이화여자대학교), 박효정(이화여자대학교)

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Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effect of oral care with an aroma solution on oral status and oral cavity microorganism growth in elderly patients with stroke. Methods: A non-equivalent control group, with a pretest-posttest design was used in this study. The participants were assigned to the experimental group (n=30) that received oral care with an aroma solution or the control group (n=31) that received 0.9% saline solution. To identify the effect of the experimental treatments, objective/subjective assessments of oral status and oral cavity microorganism growth were performed using the oral assessment guide, oral perception guide, and oral swab culture. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, and t-test with the SPSS version 21.0 program. Results: The objective oral status was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group (t= -3.64, p<.001). There was no significant difference between the subjective oral status of the experimental group and control groups (t= -1.24, p=.109). Oral microorganism growth was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group (t= -7.39, p<.001). Conclusion: These findings indicate that special mouth care using an aroma solution could be an effective oral health nursing intervention for elderly patients with stroke.

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