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[학술저널]

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Rethinking the Making of the Hong Kong Person

Beatrice Oi-yeung Lam(University of Hong Kong)

DOI : 10.15685/omnes.2016.01.6.2.1

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초록

As China-Hong Kong integration deepens, a local identity asserted to be culturally superior to and exclusive of the mainland Chinese is mobilized in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). This paper contributes to the attendant debates by presenting a unique case of politics of belonging therein, where “cultural” differences are constructed, increasingly so in “ethnic” terms, amid processes of internal migration. I discuss how the hegemonic discourse of local belonging is a corollary of the “neoliberal governmentality” of the city-state. It defines the parameters of social inclusion in terms of labor market integration and in particular contribution to the global economy. The underlying class assumptions are reflected in the exclusion from local belonging of Chinese immigrants, whose long-standing socioeconomic marginalization is conflated with, and glossed over by their constructed cultural inferiority. Such assumptions are also gendered, as Chinese immigrant mothers struggle to participate as worker-citizens in the society and to make claims for their “deservingness” to belong. On this basis, I argue that the “cultural” differences between mainlanders and Hongkongers should be better understood as constituted not by “ethnic” differences but by the way class and gender differentiate access to participation and belonging. Implications for the SAR are discussed.

목차

Abstract
Introduction
Conceptual Framework
Context
The Hong Kong Person as the Neoliberal Citizen
Interrogating the “Cultural” Differences and “Ethnic” Conflict between Mainlanders and Hongkongers
Gendering the Neoliberal Citizen, Gendering the Hong Kong Person: What Chinese Immigrant Mothers Tell Us
Conclusion
References

참고문헌(49)

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  • 2.

    . (2014). Home Affairs Department and Immigration Department Statistics on New Arrivals from the Mainland (Fourth Quarter of 2014). Retrieved from http://www.had.gov.hk/en/public_ services/services_for_new_arrivals_from_the_mainland/surveys.htm

  • 3.

    ___________. (2001). Politics in the vernacular: Nationalism, multiculturalism and citizenship. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

  • 4.

    ____________. (2010). 'Economically speaking, I am the breadwinner': Chinese immigrant narratives of work and family in Hong Kong. International Migration, 48(6), 72-101.

  • 5.

    ___________________________. (2012b). Thematic report: Persons from the mainland having resided in Hong Kong for less than 7 years. Hong Kong: Census and Statistics Department.

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