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[학술저널]

Gender in Hamid’s Fiction

  • 학술저널

Gender in Hamid’s Fiction

A Reflection on the Cultural Paradigm Shift Brewing among Pakistani Women

Muhammad Safdar(University of Management and Technology) Muhammad Usman Ghani(Prince Sattam bin Abdul Aziz University)

DOI : 10.14431/aw.2018.06.34.2.89

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초록

Modern women are not satisfied with the roles traditionally ascribed to them as obligatory; they rather feel stifled by them. Pakistani women, especially urban women with global exposure, are no exceptions. Hamid’s two novels under study, Moth smoke (2000) and How to get filthy rich in rising Asia (2013), underline the evolving cultural transformation in Pakistan regarding female sexuality and gender in the wake of global cultural interactions. Based on the postmodern theories of fluid and performatively differential identity by cultural theorist Homi K Bhabha and feminist theorist Judith Butler, this study seeks to analyze the transformation of the urban Pakistani woman who is constantly exposed to global cultures by means of globalization and is influenced to redefine her sexuality and gender, through textual analysis of the major female characters of Hamid’s two novels referenced above. The study also analyses how the modern Pakistani woman, embarked on her journey to self-fulfilment, defies the religio-culturally sacred institutions of wifehood and motherhood, finding them to be restrictive. However, the resisting impact of the place (i.e., Pakistan) is also obvious; these displaced women are not totally without feelings of anxiety. In addition to contributing to the contemporary discourse on the blurring of boundaries caused by the increasing connection between spatial scales, particularly the local and the global, this paper attempts to make a contribution in the areas of fluidity in sexuality and gender in Pakistani context.

목차

Abstract
Introduction
Non-fixity of Culture and Performativity of Gender Identity
Gender Transformation in Pakistan in Historical Perspectives
Transformation of the Culturally Sacred Institutions
Conclusion
References

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