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[학술저널]

From Decommonisation to Re-commonisation

  • 학술저널

From Decommonisation to Re-commonisation

A Conceptual Approach to the Study of Social Change Based on the Theory of the Commons

YOUNG SIN JEONG(Jeju National University)

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초록

Today, commons is becoming an attractive term for more and more political and social forces to explain their political and social goals. However, there is a large gap between the use of the word commons in civil society and in academic circles. The institutional commons studies led by the Ostromians have not been a useful tool for new creation or proliferation of commons. I think changing the understanding of commons centered on resources and goods to understand it as centering on commoning as a social practice is more useful not only from a practical perspective, but also from a theoretical one. Through the understanding based on commoning, we can connect the problem of formation of commons to social change or system transition, we can examine the role of Commons movement and politics in this process. Therefore, this paper aims to develop concepts and analysis frameworks to deal with the social movements and politics of commons. To this end, the process through which commons is re-appropriated through (re-)commoning is defined as the re-commonisation process, and it is argued that commons movements play a crucial role in the re-commonisation process. The commons movements have the potential to make an important contribution to the achievement of commons-based social transformation by ecologically reconstructing local communities, expanding users’ participation, and realizing self-governing norms. This paper will show the validity of these arguments with an analysis of the process of revitalizing villages through ecotourism, which is in progress in a village in Jeju.

목차

Problem Setting : Emergence of the Commons Paradigm
From Enclosure to Recommonisation
Social Practice Theoretical Approach to Commons and Commons Movement
A Case Study on Commons Movement and Re-commonisation: Seonheul Village on Jeju Island
Conclusion
References

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