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[학술저널]

Urban-rural Migration and Migrants’ Successful Settlement in Korea

  • 학술저널

Urban-rural Migration and Migrants’ Successful Settlement in Korea

SANGJIN MA(Korea Rural Economic Institute) SOK AN(Korea Rural Economic Institute) DAESHIK PARK(Korea Rural Economic Institute)

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초록

The Republic of Korea, South Korea, was an agricultural country similar to other East Asian countries until the 1950s. As in other developed countries, rural agricultural surplus labor in Korea moved into urban areas for jobs. However, since the late 1990s, urban population movement to rural areas began to be observed and drew policymakers’ attention. Thus, this study aims to describe the trend of urban-rural migration in Korea and identify the factors influencing migrants’ successful settlement. Korea’s urban-rural migration appeared 20 years later than western developed countries and the number of migrants is increasing. Economic and demographic factors and individual preferences are closely related to this trend. To investigate factors influencing successful migration, this study analyzed a data set collected from a nationwide sample of urban-rural migrants. This study argues that personal characteristics, non-economic motives, community life, and government supports are key factors associated with successful migration.

목차

Introduction
Research Context: Urban-Rural Migration Trend in Korea
Successful Settlement of Urban-Rural Migrants
Results
Conclusion
References

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