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[학술저널]

  • 학술저널

Can Bahadır Yüce(University of Tennessee)

DOI : 10.14431/omnes.2019.07.9.2.100

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초록

After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, and the new regime aimed to construct a national identity through a series of reforms. Among them, one state-sponsored project was culturally significant: the Turkish Language Reform. Two institutions, the Turkish Historical Society and the Turkish Linguistic Society, helped to legitimize the language reform and construct a new cultural identity for the citizens of the new nation-state. The Turkish Language Reform, arguably the most radical of all Kemalist reforms, has been a successful component of the republican social engineering project. This paper examines the centrality of the language issue in the Kemalist nation-building effort and the role of the two above-mentioned institutions in the process. The Turkish Language Reform remains one of the most effective state interventions on language. The present paper explores the reasons behind the reform’s success and the importance of language as a marker of national identity.

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Abstract
Introduction
First Step: Turkish History Thesis
Turkish Linguistic Society and the Language Reform
New Identity, New Nation
Conclusion
References

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