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[학술저널]

  • 학술저널

강필성(서울과학기술대학교) 박영준(고려대학교) 조수곤(고려대학교) 김성범(고려대학교)

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초록

This paper aims to propose a research framework of analyzing voting activities of a national assembly on the basis of member-level voting similarity and provides a case study in the 18th national assembly in South Korea. First, we propose a bill contentiousness measure that gives a higher score to bills for which ayes and noes are more diversified in both conservative and progressive parties. Based on the bill contentiousness measure, the top 5%, 10%, and 20% bills were identified and used for further analyses. Moreover, we propose a member-level voting similarity measure that compensates for the lower frequency of noes, and evaluate the pair-wise voting similarities for all lawmakers. Then, voting similarity differences to the affiliated/non-affiliated parties were analyzed for the members in the two major parties according to some internal/external key factors. Finally, similar voting groups were identified and their affiliations were investigated based on the multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) and network analysis techniques. A case study on the 18th national assembly of South Korea showed that the cohesion of the members in the ‘Hanara’ party becomes higher than that of the ‘Minju’ party as the bill contentiousness increases, whereas the number of elected, local constituency versus proportional representation, and the competition intensity in a local constituency were found to be partially influential to the voting activities of lawmakers. In addition, MDS and network analysis showed that there is a distinctive difference between two parties when all bills are analyzed, whereas the diversity of parties increases in the same group as the bill contentiousness increases.

목차

1. 서론
2. 관련 연구
3. 법안쟁점도 지표 및 의원간 투표유사도 지표
4. 의원특성 및 외부환경에 따른 법안투표행태 분석
5. 다차원척도법 및 네트워크 분석을 이용한 투표행태 분석
6. 결론
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