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[학술저널]

楚亭 朴齊家ㆍ綸菴 李喜經의 도자 인식

  • 학술저널

楚亭 朴齊家ㆍ綸菴 李喜經의 도자 인식

Park Jae-ka and Lee Hee-kyung's Views on Chosun Porcelain

方炳善

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Park Jae-ka (朴齊家, 1750-1805) and Lee Hee-kyung (李喜經, 1745-1805?) were the scholars of Northern Learning School. They proposed to enrich the nation and to secure the livelihood of people through the development of commerce and industry.
They had the same thoughts on Chosun vessels. Through the journey to China, they witnessed the wide expansion of Chinese ceramic use and technical development of ceramic manufacturing. And they acknowledged the superiority of Japanese to Chosun in technology and manufacturing system.
Comparing the technique of Chosun with the one of China and Japan, they pointed out problems of Chosun ceramic manufacturing technique and criticized the kiln operating system. They proposed an introduction of Chinese and Japanese techniques and technological policies.
To have a correct point of view on their proposals and severe criticisms, we have to consider some matters. First, they neither spoke for all of the Chosun consumers nor fairly represented the style and technique of Chosun porcelain. It is because not only the self-examination which resulted from the study of Chosun porcelain, but also their preference for the foreign ceramics, provided the momentum of the proposals and criticism.
Second, their technical records of Chosun porcelain were not free from mistakes because they didn't participate in making ceramics. We have to take into consideration what they pointed out; whether Chosun white clay, which is inferior to Chinese and Japanese clay on the whiteness and high fire resistance, is suitable to make ceramics similar to Chinese or Japanese ones: whether over-glaze decoration of porcelain was to our taste and Chinese style kiln was suitable to fire Chosun porcelain.
Next, they hardly paid attention to the aesthetics and styles of the Chosun porcelain. Generally speaking, how to view the vessels can be changeable depending on the viewers and times. But not only technique but also style have to be considered to appreciate the ceramics simultaneously. Even though the manufacturing technique of ceramics was underdeveloped, we could not underestimate themselves.
In spite of previous stated problems, their records have an art historical significance. Through them, we learned views of the Northern Learning School scholars on the contemporary Chosun, Chinese and Japanese ceramics and the technical problems of Chosun ceramics.

목차

Ⅰ. 서언
Ⅱ. 정책과 제도
Ⅲ. 제작기술
Ⅳ. 결언
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