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[학술저널]

  • 학술저널

박용서 이건순 코삭 박윤점 오대민 허북구

UCI(KEPA) : I410-ECN-0101-2009-594-019497185

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초록

This study was conducted to gather the basic data on the spread of the domestic kiwifruits, and the development of the manufactured goods and the health functional foods produced using kiwifruits. We determined the chemical compositions of four types of kiwifruits cultivated in Korea, Daeheung, Bidan, Haegeum and Hayward. In addition, we measured the anti-microbial activities and cytotoxicities of these types of kiwifruits. The vitamin C contents of the kiwifruits increased in the order of Bidan (93.82 ㎎/100 g), Daeheung (85.89 ㎎/100 g), Haegeum (83.73 ㎎/100 g) and Hayward (75.28 ㎎/100 g). The total amino acids contents per 100 g of kiwifruit (dry weight basis) were 483.97 ㎎ (Haegeum), 453.08 ㎎ (Hayward), 437.27 ㎎ (Bidan) and 369.35 ㎎ (Daeheung). The K and Ca contents of the kiwifruits ranged from 14.56~37.12 ㎎/L and 1.94~8.24 ㎎/L, respectively; however, the Fe, Mg, Zn and Cr contents all less than 1.83 ㎎/L. The antimicrobial activities of methanol extracts of kiwifruits against five gram positive bacteria at concentration of 2,000 ㎎/L in terms of inhibition diameter ranged from 8.8~12.8㎜, while raged from 9.2~13.1㎜ against three gram negative strains of bacteria. The hyperplasia inhibition of lung cancer cells (Calus-6) by 800 ㎎/L kiwifruits extracts of Bidan, Haegeum, Daeheung and Hayward kiwifruits were 21.2%, 9.5%, 6.7% and 5.0%, respectively. Consequently, it was assumed that kiwifruits was rich in vitamin C, amino acids and K, and that they would therefore be useful in processed goods.

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