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A test of mediational model

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초록·키워드 목차

Objective: Gratitude is held in high esteem by virtually everyone, at all times, in all places. But only recently has psychological theory and research on gratitude begun to catch up with philosophical commendations. Studies have shown that gratitude is a predictor of satisfaction with life (SWL). However, regarding mechanisms relating gratitude to SWL have not been systematically explored. Previous research has suggested two gratitude general hypotheses: the positive affect hypothesis and the broaden-and-build hypothesis. The positive affect hypothesis suggested that the habitual experience of positive emotions is protective from a variety of mental disorders. Gratitude is a positively valanced emotion, and is strongly related to the habitual experience of positive emotions. As such, the generally protective effect of positive emotions may be a benefit of being grateful. The current study examined relationships among gratitude, positive emotion, and satisfaction with life, and whether positive emotion mediates associations between gratitude and satisfaction with life. Methods: Participants (N = 375) completed the Chinese version of the GQ, Positive Emotion Scale, and Satisfaction with Life Scale. All inventories in this study were administered in university classes by the professor who was teaching the course. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to address the hypotheses of the current study. Results: Results indicated that gratitude was positively associated with SWL (β= .56, p < .001) and positive emotion (β= .61, p < .001) in a direct model. Moreover, in a mediational model, positive emotion was positively associated with SWL (β= .48, p < .001), and the relationship between gratitude and SWL was lower than in the direct model and still significant (β= .26, p < .001). Sobel tests indicated that including positive emotion in the model significantly reduced the association between gratitude and SWL (z = 5.59, p < .001), indicating that positive emotion partially mediates this association. The findings of the current study thus suggest that the experience of positive emotion is one route through which gratitude is associated with satisfaction with life. #Satisfaction with life #Well-Being #Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

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