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Objective: This study aimed to investigate the moderating effects of peer competence between children’s perception of parenting attitudes and depression among 5<SUP>th</SUP> grade elementary students. The differences are examined based by gender.
Methods: ‘The Children’s Perception of the Parenting Attitudes Inventory’, ‘Children’s Depression Inventory’, and ‘Peer Competence Inventory’ were used to collect data from 200 elementary school students from Seoul, Korea. The research hypothesis were analyzed using t -tests, Pearson’s correlation analysis, standard linear regression analysis and hierarchical multiple regression analysis via SPSS 21.0.
Results: The results are as follows: First, only peer competence showed a difference between the boys and girls, where the boys scored higher than the girls. Second, there was a significant correlation between all the factors. Third, the moderating effect of peer competence on the father’s parenting attitude was supported only in the boys.
Conclusion: The results denote the need of a gendered approach to understanding problems and developing counseling programs to address depression among children. They also demonstrate that high peer competence can be used to treat depression in boys dissatisfied with their father’ parenting attitude. #children’s perception of the parenting attitudes #depression #peer competence #moderating effect #아동이 지각한 부모양육태도 #우울 #또래 유능성 #조절효과

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